Boivin’s research is multi-disciplinary, spanning the natural sciences and humanities. Her research includes investigating human migrations out of Africa in the Late Pleistocene, to maritime trade and biological exchange in the Indian Ocean during the last two thousand years. She was awarded an European Research Council starting grant (2007 - 2014) for the Sealinks project, which investigated the emergence of long-distance trade and connectivity in the Indian Ocean, and its relationship to processes of biological exchange and translocation. Her work examines long-term human history and the relationships between people and the environment on a global scale. At the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, her Department’s work explores the diverse ways that data about the past can inform modern day challenges including climate change, anthropogenic transformation of species and environments, and food security. Her research has been funded by the Wenner Gren Foundation, the Australian Research Council, the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, and the British Academy.